Navigating the Tempest: Challenges and Opportunities in UK Buy-to-Let

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The UK Buy-to-Let (BTL) market, long a pillar of bricks-and-mortar investing, faces gathering storms. Yet, while economic gales buffet the sector, canny landlords are battening down the hatches and charting courses to safer harbours.

Rising Mortgage Interest Rates Intensify Crunch

BTL investors face heightened challenges as the Bank of England has increased interest rates to tackle inflation. The rise from a base rate of 0.1% to 5.25% since March 2020 means higher loan costs affecting landlords. As their current 2 or 5 year-mortgage interest rates end, their new mortgage rates have jumped or will jump from relatively benign rates of about 1.5% - 2% previously to painfully high new rates of about 5.5% - 6%. The resulting decline in BTL profitability is having a severe adverse impact on landlords. Many are exiting the market and new entrants are deterred by poor prospects. Small-scale landlords, in particular, are under increasing pressure, with a notable decrease in those owning a single property. By contrast, landlords with more extensive portfolios have been expanding, taking advantage of the current market environment to acquire properties at distressed sale prices. These trends suggest a market consolidation where large portfolio players may become more dominant.

Tax Changes Gnaw at Thinning Margins

The profitability of buy-to-let property investments is also facing a continual tax attack. While the government benefits from such taxes, the returns for BTL investors are declining. Recent changes in the property purchase market, such as a 3% stamp duty surcharge on second homes, make it more expensive to construct a BTL property portfolio. Additionally, recent rules prevent landlords from writing off 80% of their mortgage interest against rental income for tax purposes. This tax change has been implemented since 2017 and came into full effect in the 2020-21 tax year. Landlords now receive a tax credit limited to just 20% of their mortgage interest payment. This shift, in conjunction with the increase in property purchase taxes and capital gains taxes, has significantly decreased returns for buy-to-let landlords over the past few years.

Void Periods

In the UK's Buy-to-Let (BTL) market, landlords are navigating through increased void periods. Void periods, when a property remains unoccupied between tenancies, can impose significant costs on landlords. Whilst proactive landlords sometimes use the time to conduct repairs and maintenance, this additional investment can add to financial pressure and also runs the risk of lower returns.

Remote Revolution Reshapes Rental Preferences

The rise of remote work has profoundly shifted tenant priorities in the UK rental market:

  • Location: Demand for affordable properties with more space in suburban, coastal and rural areas has increased as flexible working arrangements have increased
  • Amenities: Separate home offices, outdoor areas and high-speed internet can now be make-or-break features
  • Hotspots: Southwest England and East Anglia attract remote workers with beautiful landscapes
  • Adaptations: Landlords are competing via renovations tailored to remote working needs, such as converted workspace, connectivity upgrades and other work-friendly features

In a nutshell, with working-from-home flexibility fuelling a shift in locational and workspace preferences, landlords must refocus offerings to match this remote revolution to stay competitive amidst intensifying tenant demands. The ability to effectively accommodate the work-life blend is becoming important for attracting and retaining renters in the UK market.

Alternative Investment Opportunities

In light of the various challenges outlined above, BTL investors are considering alternative investment options. For instance, Houses in Multiple Occupation (HMOs) present an opportunity for higher yields, albeit with higher regulatory requirements and the potential for more intensive maintenance costs and management.

Weathering the Storm: Strategies for Resilient Returns

Though storms gather over UK buy-to-let, creative landlords can spot silver linings and steer towards fairer skies through strategic adaptations:

  • Diversify Into Higher-Yield Models

Shift parts of your portfolio into HMOs (Houses in Multiple Occupation), which offer superior yields, and across high rental yield regions.

  • Lock In Long Competitive Fixed-Rate Deals

Capitalize on relatively competitive 10-year fixed mortgage rates to build enduring payment stability, protecting margins as shorter term rates and inflation escalate.

  • Innovative Financial Solutions

Consider innovative financial solutions such as those offered by Pauzible, where you can receive agreed monthly payments for up to five years to address increased costs, in return for a share in the value of your home. This allows you to deal with financial stress calmly over a longer period without having to resort to short term distressed sales.


Q. Is buy-to-let still a good investment in the UK?

A: Yes, buy-to-let can still be a good investment in the UK, especially in areas with high rental yields. However, it requires careful consideration of location, tenant demand, and the impact of regulatory and tax changes.

Q. What are the biggest challenges facing BTL landlords today?

A: The biggest challenges include adapting to new regulations, such as the proposed changes in eviction laws and energy efficiency requirements, removal of mortgage interest tax relief, property purchase tax surcharges and the impact of rising interest rates on profitability.

Q. How will rising interest rates affect buy-to-let profitability?

A: Rising interest rates will increase mortgage interest costs for landlords and reduce profitability.

Q. What are the implications of recent tax changes for buy-to-let investors?

A: Recent tax changes, such as the substantial phasing out mortgage interest tax relief and changes to stamp duty, have increased the cost of owning BTL properties, impacting overall returns adversely, especially in areas where rental yields are relatively low.

Reduce interest costs

Make your BTL work again! Pauzible pays the increase in your mortgage costs for up to 5 years, in return for a share in the value of your buy to let property.

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